Exploring the Java Island: Your Ultimate Guide to Indonesia’s Jewel

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Java is a volcanic island of Indonesia located between Sumatra and Bali. This geographical and economic hub of Indonesia is the residence of over half of its population. The Java Island of Indonesia proudly houses the lavish city Jakarta, the capital city of the nation.

Borobudur temple in Java Island of Indonesia

In the past, numerous tourists were unable to even locate Java Island on the global map. However, throughout the years, the island has developed as a popular tourist destination, attracting travelers from all around the world with its active volcanoes, ancient temples, monuments, lakes, beaches, hills, markets, and tea plantations.

Optimal Time To Visit Java Island

Java Island landscape in sunlight

The ideal period to visit Java Island is from April to October. The dry seasons are typically extremely dry with high temperatures. The monsoons occur from November to March, and it usually rains in the afternoon, making it impractical for travelers.

Attractions to Explore on Java Island

Make sure to add these destinations on Java Island to your travel itinerary so that you don’t miss out on any of the excitement.

1. Borobudur Temple

Borobudur temple is among the most renowned landmarks in Indonesia and the largest Buddhist temple globally. Situated in Central Java, this temple complex encompasses a massive Buddhist temple. Constructed in the 9th century, it is now recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The temple showcases an astounding 72 carved Buddha figures. Borobudur is easily accessible for a day trip from the nearest city of Yogyakarta. This site greatly contributes to the tourism of Java Island.

Java Island's Borobudur temple top view

Location: Jl. Badrawati, Kw. Candi Borobudur, Borobudur, Kec. Borobudur, Magelang, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia

2. Dieng Plateau

Nestled at an elevation of 2,100 meters, the Dieng Plateau is one of the top attractions on Java Island. For those interested in visiting pilgrimage sites on Java Island, Dieng is the place to go. There are numerous Buddhist temples in the vicinity. During your hike up to the plateau, you will come across several pools with natural spring water and hot springs.

Dieng Plateau in Java Island of Indonesia

Do not miss: Arrange your hike to coincide with the sunset time when you reach the top for the awe-inspiring view.

Location: Bakal Buntu, Bakal, Batur, Banjarnegara, Central Java, Indonesia

Essential Reading: 27 Destinations To Explore In Jakarta That Showcase The Alternate Side Of Indonesia

3. Bandung

Bandung city is considered as one of the finest shopping getaways in Indonesia within the local market. However, it is also an often overlooked city in terms of shopping. The place offers a wide variety of factory outlets that sell the latest fashion trends. Bandung provides a diverse range of clothing choices to suit your preferences and budget. Additionally, Bandung houses excellent dining establishments where you can discover Indonesian cuisine.

Bandung in Java Island of Indonesia

Do not miss: Bandung is renowned for its denim products. Shopping for denim is a necessity.

4. Merapi Volcano

Indonesia is a nation that boasts a significant number of active volcanoes. Mount Merapi is recognized as one of Indonesia’s most feared volcanoes. This renowned volcano erupted in 2010 and remains active to this day. Although it qualifies as one of the easier hikes in Java, you can only trek here when it is deemed safe by the authorities.

Merapi Volcano in Java Island of Indonesia

Do not miss: Include a visit to Merapi as part of your tour to gain insights into the mountain’s history and understand why it holds sacred significance in Indonesia.

Location: Central Java

Recommended Reading: 11 Finest Activities to Experience in Jakarta: The Vibrant Capital of Indonesia!

5. Malang

Malang, a city in eastern Java, exudes a laid-back atmosphere and evokes a sense of Dutch heritage. Situated between Mount Semeru and Mount Bromo, the city combines scenic beauty in a distinctive manner. Malang showcases numerous small temples and shrines scattered throughout the city. Additionally, it boasts vast expanses of lush green paddy fields.

Malang in Java Island of Indonesia

Do not miss: Visit the Balai Kota Building to witness the finest blend of Indonesian and Dutch architectural styles. Also, make sure to explore the Buddhist-Hindu Singosari Temple.

Location: East Java, Indonesia

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6. Kalibiru National Park

Kalibiru National Park is one of the well-liked tourist destinations in Java Island. The thick verdant forest, the water storage, and the array of mountains in the background create the most captivating panoramic vista. The picturesque vantage point in the park is popular among the Instagram users. You can ascend the trees through ladders to reach and stand on the rustic wooden platforms to experience the awe-inspiring views. Who knows, you may even come across some untamed animals and avian species unique to the Java Island region.

Don’t miss: Visit this place in the morning or evening as during these time frames, sunlight showcases the best hues. Additionally, try out some thrilling activities like zip-lining.


Location: Jalan Waduk Sermo, Kokap, Hargowilis, Kalibiru, Hargowilis, Kokap, Kabupaten Kulon Progo, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta 55653, Indonesia

Kalibiru National Park in Java Island of Indonesia

Suggested Read: Top 10 Things To Do In Indonesia For An Unforgettable Holiday Experience!

7. Rainbow Village

Kampung Pelangi also known as Rainbow Village in Indonesian is a part of Semarang. This area has recently emerged as a tourist attraction in the Java Island. The village was a collection of about 200 homes on a hillside, above a river. The locals wanted to attract more tourists to the area so the entire village was painted in vibrant rainbow colors. Now this small landmark on the Java Island map is capturing the attention of a large number of tourists from around the globe.

Do not miss: This stunning village is an absolute must for your Instagram story. Get a picture taken with the unique village in the background.

Rainbow Village in Java island of Indonesia

Location: Central Java, Indonesia

8. Jakarta

The capital of Indonesia, Jakarta a lively city. It is the largest city in Southeast Asia with the second largest metropolitan area in the world. Skyscrapers, massive shopping malls, monuments, bustling markets, street food stalls, all contribute to the liveliness of the city. The markets around the Old Square are a popular destination for tourists.

Do not miss: Make sure to visit the National Monument, National Cathedral, and Mosque.

Location: Northwest coast of Java

Suggested Read: Beautiful Places In Indonesia: 28 Landscapes That Are So Magnificent That They Will Make Your Trip Worth It!

Jakarta in Java Island of Indonesia

9. Karimunjawa Island

Karimunjawa Archipelago offers the best beaches in Java. This is fascinating as there are approximately 27 tropical islands off the coast of Semarang, most of which are inhabited. Rent a boat and head to this beach paradise in Java.

Do not miss: The water at these beaches is incredibly clear, so make sure you don’t miss the opportunity to snorkel and dive here.

Location: Central Java

10. Goa Jomblang

Goa Jomblang in the Gunung Kidul Area of Java Island is a well-known cave. Situated an hour away from the city, the cavern is 60 meters down the side of the cliff. From here, you enter a cave system, surrounded by forest. The Grubug Cave is the primary cave in this location. The opening on top of the rock formation allows sunlight to penetrate into the dark cave, creating a breathtaking spectacle.

Karimunjawa Island in Java Island of Indonesia

Location: Jetis Wetan, Pacarejo, Semanu, Gunung Kidul Regency, Special Region of Yogyakarta 55893, Indonesia

Recommended Reading: 10 Vacation Homes In Indonesia For A Relaxed Island Getaway

Goa Jomblang in Java Island of Indonesia

Activities To Do In Java Island

These are some of the top activities to engage in while exploring Java island, which will allow you to experience the best of the historical aspects of Java.

1. Surabaya: Discover The Heritage

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Renowned as the second largest city in Indonesia, Surabaya is a city with a rich heritage, yet it receives limited tourist attention. A city steeped in history, the traditional architecture of Surabaya dates back to the period of Dutch colonialism. Additionally, there are museums where visitors can delve into the history and culture of Surabaya.

Surabaya City

2. Anyer: Indulge In A Tropical Holiday

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Unwind and enjoy the picturesque coastal town of Anyer, known for its stunning beaches and the breathtaking backdrop of Mount Krakatau. This destination offers an authentic seaside experience in Indonesia, where travelers can partake in adventurous activities such as jet skiing and parasailing.


3. Candi Prambanan: Discover The Historical Significance

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Candi Prambanan is a Hindu temple dating back to the 9th century, located in close proximity to Borobudur. This UNESCO World Heritage Site is renowned for its magnificent architecture, intricate and beautiful compounds, and the labyrinthine pathways that surround the complex.

4. Mount Ijen: Embark On A Hiking Adventure

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Prambanan Complex

Indonesia is home to majestic mountains, including the captivating Mount Ijen, which is a lesser-known attraction but definitely worth a visit. The main highlight of this destination is its large acidic crater lake that emits mesmerizing blue flames in the darkness. Unlike the historical attractions, this is a truly unique place for hiking and witnessing an extraordinary natural phenomenon.

Kawah Ijen

5. Karimunjawa Islands: Engage in Underwater Exploration

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For those who wish to discover the aquatic life at Java Islands, Karimunjawa islands is one of the exquisite destinations to visit. There are approximately 27 distinct tropical islands situated off the shore of Semarang. This is an excellent place to partake in activities such as snorkeling or diving. Moreover, you can also hire a boat and travel around the island.

Karimunjawa Island

How To Arrive at Java Island

Aviation: The city of Jakarta is well connected with numerous international and domestic flights. Soekarno-Hatta International Airport & Halim Perdanakusuma Airport are the two primary international airports in Jakarta. There are also international flights connecting other Javanese cities such as Surabaya, Solo, Bandung, Yogyakarta, and Semarang with the rest of the world.

A flight taking off at Jakarta Airport

Maritime Routes: Jakarta has connections with most ports of the nation through the sea. There are regular ferry services operating between Banyuwangi/Ketapang harbor in the East of Java & Gilimanuk in Bali and also between Merak port in Java & Bekauheni in South Sumatra.

Further Read: Beyond Bali: 21 Places To Visit In Indonesia For Honeymoon

The core of Indonesia, Java Islands, is an astonishing destination to witness the intricate Indonesian culture. Although the culture, to a large extent, has been influenced by foreign interactions. As you explore the island’s mysteries, you will discover that the place still preserves its original indigenous essence. Explore Java Islands for an exceptional relaxation experience.

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Frequently Asked Questions About Java Island

What are the 5 primary islands of Indonesia?

The 5 primary islands of Indonesia are Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, and New Guinea.

Is Java the largest island in Indonesia?Q: Is Java the largest island in Indonesia?

The Java island located at the southeast of Malaysia and Sumatra, is only the fourth largest island in Indonesia.

What is Java island renowned for?

Java island is the fourth largest island in Indonesia which actually accommodates more than half of the Indonesian population. In addition, it also holds historical and geographical significance as the center of Indonesia.

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