The magnificent history of more than 3000 years of the ancient territory of Bihar extends a warm welcome to you to indulge in the liveliness of its culture and find solace in ancient temples. Renowned for its contributions to the world, such as the republican political system, the first well-established university, and religions like Buddhism and Jainism, this land, which has been inhabited for ages, offers a wide range of attractions to explore. Many clans have flourished in this fertile land, nourished by the sacred waters of the Ganges River and its tributaries. Relatively unscathed by the boom of urbanization, the state provides an eco-friendly environment where you can relax and breathe in the fresh air while exploring the temples in Bihar.
Bihar welcomes over 6 million visitors from around the world every year to experience the true essence of spirituality and enlightenment across hundreds of large and small temples. Bihar, the birthplace of scholars like Aryabhatt and Chanakya, is all about embracing the joy of freedom and spirituality. It is rightly said that your spiritual journey begins and ends here.
Optimal Timing for Bihar Visit
This land, inhabited by over 100 million hardworking individuals, invites you to experience divinity throughout the year. Bihar has a humid subtropical climate with three distinct seasons. Summer begins in April and lasts until July, when the monsoon brings the humid rainy season, which continues until late September. During this time, the average temperature ranges from 24 to 42 *C. The retreat of the monsoon welcomes winter in late October, which lasts until March. This period is ideal for exploring the temples in Bihar, as the nighttime temperatures drop to 8-10 *C and daytime temperatures range from 20-22 *C. However, intense fog in the early morning may disrupt your travel plans.
Essential Reading: Explore the Spiritual Side of India: A Guide to the 12 Jyotirlingas
5 Renowned Temples in Bihar
If you are planning a religious trip to Bihar and want to discover the famous temples in the region, here is a list for you!
1. Mahabodhi Temple, Bodhgaya
Located on the banks of the Niranjana River in Bodhgaya, this UNESCO World Heritage Site is a sacred place not only for Buddhists but for all those seeking spiritual peace. This land of enlightenment attracts millions of tourists from all corners of the globe, who, upon arrival, immediately experience a sense of meditative silence. The grand brick temple, originally constructed by Emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BC and later restored by the British in the late 1880s, is renowned for its architectural brilliance and stands as one of the most popular temples in Bihar. The 180-foot pyramid-shaped shikhara, adorned with arch motifs and sculptures depicting the life of Lord Buddha, fills your mind with tranquility. The main tower, accompanied by four replica towers, houses a shrine with a yellow sandstone statue of Lord Buddha. Aside from the main temple, you will find the famous Bodhi tree, under which people meditate for hours to connect with nature. Just 115 km away from the capital city of Patna, a visit to Bodhgaya is a must to attain peace of mind. Location: Bodh Gaya, Gaya, Bihar Timings: 5 am to 9 pm Best time to visit: Throughout the year, but November to February is recommended for the most pleasant experience. Entry Fee: No entry fee, but a camera fee of INR 100 is applicable.
2. Temple of Vishnupad
Embark on a profound spiritual odyssey to this realm of enlightenment and discover a whole new significance at the Temple of Vishnupad. This remarkable architectural marvel, constructed with gray granite, stands tall at a height of 100 feet. Adorned with eight rows of intricately carved pillars and a captivating octagonal shrine, this sacred temple houses the venerated footprints of Lord Vishnu, known as Dharmasila, which are devoutly worshipped. Pilgrims from all corners of India converge on this city during Pitra Paksha to conduct the final ritual, called “Pind Dana,” for the departed souls. According to Hindu beliefs, this ceremony is essential for liberating the human soul from the cycle of rebirth.
Location: Vishnupad Rd, Chand Chaura, Gaya
Timings: Open from 5 am to 8 pm
Best Time to Visit: All year round, although Hindus prefer coming during Pitra Paksha for the religious ceremony
Entry Fee: No entry fee, but exercise caution when dealing with pundits.
3. Mangala Gowri Temple
While residing in the sacred city of Gaya, you must not overlook one of Bihar’s most renowned temples – the Mangala Gowri Temple. This sanctum holds great significance as it is one of the 18 Shakti Peethas dotted across India. With mentions in revered scriptures such as Padma Purana, Vayu Purana, and Agni Purana, this divine shrine is dedicated to Sati. It is believed that a portion of Sati’s body fell at this location, and it is worshipped in the form of breasts. The temple’s history traces back to ancient times, encompassing countless sanctuaries. Prepare to be captivated by the temple’s awe-inspiring architecture and majestic splendor.
Address: Mangla Gauri Mandir Rd, Shakti Peetham, Gaya
Timings: Open from 6:00 am to 8:00 pm
Best Time to Visit: Throughout the year, although it is advisable to avoid the summer months
Entry Fee: No entry fee.
Planning your vacation but unsure where to go? Let these captivating travel tales guide you towards your ultimate trip!