The Jantar Mantar in Delhi represents a fascinating convergence of the cosmos, society, and beliefs. Prepare to be captivated by the awe-inspiring collection of monumental instruments that it houses. Crafted for observing celestial positions without aid, it encapsulates numerous innovations in architecture. This marvel in Delhi stands as one of the country’s most impeccably preserved observatories, a testament to the astronomical prowess and cosmological theories of a erudite prince’s court.
Discovering Jantar Mantar
The term Jantar/Jantra finds its roots in the Hindi word yantra, which denotes an instrument, while Mantar is derived from the Hindi word mantrana, signifying consultation or calculation. Jantar Mantar’s primary objective was the compilation of astronomical tables and the prediction of sun, moon, and planetary movements. Among the distinctive instruments found within the complex are the Ram Yantra, Samrat Yantra, Jayaprakash Yantra, and the Mishra Yantras.
Jantar Mantar Ticket Price: INR 15/- for Indian citizens, INR 200/- for touristsPhotography Charges: Complimentary (video shoots at INR 25/-)Jantar Mantar Timings: 10 AM – 6 PMFamous For: Strolling tours, photography, sightseeing, picnickingVisit Duration: 1-2 hours
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Optimal Time To Explore Jantar Mantar
The most favorable time to visit Jantar Mantar in Delhi is during the pleasant and dry season. You can embark on your sightseeing adventure anytime between November and March. During this period, Delhi experiences agreeable weather conditions. In October, the temperature ranges from 20 to 25 degrees. By November, it falls to 15 to 20 degrees. We recommend wearing lightweight attire, along with sunglasses and a hat.
10 Intriguing Facts About Jantar Mantar in Delhi
Jantar Mantar stands as a remarkable testament to the scientific and technical achievements of a profound observatory conceived in the medieval era. Delve into these fascinating historical tidbits to uncover the true marvel of this extraordinary place:
- Sawai Jai Singh II constructed a total of five Jantar Mantars between 1717-1737, but only four of them have survived.
- The sundial accurately measures the time of day, down to half a second.
- A plaque attached to one of the structures incorrectly states that the observatory was built in 1710. However, further research indicates that it was actually constructed in 1724.
- The artistic structures of this observatory have served as inspiration for numerous contemporary artworks.
- This location is designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- The terms “Jantar” and “Mantar” mean instrument and calculation, respectively. When combined, they refer to a calculating tool.
- This iconic attraction is one of the renowned five observatories established by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh.
- Within this observatory, you will find 14 architectural astronomical instruments.
- If you wish to learn more about this observatory, audio guides are available for your perusal.
- Jantar Mantar houses one of the largest stone sundials in the world.
Attractions Near Jantar Mantar
While you’re in the area, make sure to visit Agrasen Ki Baoli, which is only 1.4 km away from the complex. This step well boasts 108 steps and is truly one-of-a-kind in Delhi. It has also served as a filming location for various Bollywood movies including PK starring Aamir Khan and Sultan starring Salman Khan. Additionally, you can explore the India Gate, a renowned war memorial. For those interested in shopping, Connaught Place is the place to go, offering a wide array of local and international brands. And if you find yourself hungry after all the walking, indulge in a delicious langar (community meal) at Bangla Sahib Gurudwara.
This magnificent observatory draws travelers from all corners of the world who are fascinated by the significance of astrology and the ancient tools and methods utilized during that time. To make the most of your visit, here are some tips and suggestions to keep in mind:
- Visit on a sunny day to experience the instruments in action, as most of them rely on sunlight.
- Hiring a local guide is highly recommended if you wish to gain a deeper understanding of how each instrument functions.
- Stay hydrated by carrying a water bottle with you.
How to Get There
Jantar Mantar is situated in Connaught Place, a prominent landmark in Delhi. Various transportation options are available to reach this complex. Here are a few suggestions to choose from based on your convenience:
By Metro: The nearest metro stations are Rajiv Chowk and Patel Chowk. If you alight at Rajiv Chowk metro station (Gate 6), you can hire an auto-rickshaw to reach the complex, which is approximately 2 km away. Alternatively, if you choose to disembark at Patel Chowk, the observatory is within walking distance.
By Rail: The observatory is approximately 2.5 km away from New Delhi railway station.
By Bus: You can avail buses from any part of the city that will take you to Palika Kendra bus stand, located near the entry gate of the observatory.
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While preserving the extraordinary visual appeal of Jantar Mantar remains crucial as long as its fundamental structure remains intact, the true value it offers to visitors can only be realized if all the inscriptions on the instruments are accurately restored and astronomy educators, students, and hobbyist astronomers actively engage in the observatory. Be sure to include a visit to this remarkable architectural gem during your journey to Delhi to create lasting memories!
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Frequently Inquired Details about Jantar Mantar
What Sets Jantar Mantar Apart?
Jantar Mantar is an astronomical observatory established by Maharaja Jai Singh of Jaipur in the year 1724. The primary objective of this observatory was to compile accurate astronomical data that would assist in predicting the time and movements of celestial bodies, including the sun, moon, and planets.
How Many Jantar Mantar Sites Exist?
During the early 18th century, Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur constructed a total of five Jantar Mantar sites in New Delhi, Jaipur, Ujjain, Mathura, and Varanasi. These sites were completed between the years 1724 and 1735.
Is Jantar Mantar Delhi Designated as a World Heritage Site?
In 2010, Jantar Mantar Delhi was honored with the prestigious recognition of being a UNESCO World Heritage site. There are a total of five Jantar Mantar sites in India, namely Delhi, Jaipur, Ujjain, Mathura, and Varanasi.
What Led to the Name Jantar Mantar?
The primary purpose of the observatory was to compile astronomical tables and accurately predict the timing and movements of the sun, moon, and planets. Nowadays, some of these functions would fall under the discipline of astronomy. The Delhi Jantar Mantar, constructed in 1724, had deteriorated significantly by 1867.
How Can the Sundial at Jantar Mantar Be Used for Time Measurement?
One of the instruments at Jantar Mantar, called the Samrat Yantra, functions as a sundial and can accurately tell time within a two-second range, following Jaipur’s local time. The Samrat Yantra is renowned as one of the world’s tallest sundials, standing at an impressive height of 27 meters.
Is Jantar Mantar Considered a Monument?
Jantar Mantar is a collection of nineteen architectural astronomical instruments constructed by Sawai Jai Singh II, the Rajput king and founder of Jaipur, Rajasthan. The monument was completed in 1734 and proudly features the world’s largest stone sundial. It holds the distinction of being a UNESCO World Heritage site.
What Architectural Style Defines Jantar Mantar?
Jantar Mantar encompasses a multitude of Indian astronomical instruments, consisting of thirteen architectural devices with a modern architectural appearance. These instruments serve purposes such as measuring time, predicting eclipses, and tracking stars.
Who Was Responsible for Constructing Jantar Mantar?
During the early 18th century, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II of Jaipur constructed a total of five Jantar Mantar sites in New Delhi, Jaipur, Ujjain, Mathura, and Varanasi.
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Category: Exploring Delhi, Must-Visit Destinations