A Comprehensive Handbook for Planning Your Journey in the Caucasus Mountains

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Relax at the sulfur baths at Abanotubani

An unexplored untrodden territory nestled between the Caspian Sea and the Black Sea, the Caucasus Mountains are gradually gaining popularity among enthusiastic travelers. The region which lies in Western Asia and Eastern Europe comprises three nations namely Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Armenia. Russia is also a part of this region, but the aforementioned three countries have emerged strongly with their own distinct identity after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. Each nation in the Caucasus region possesses its own unique natural beauty, landscape, culture, heritage, and traditions. A journey to this uncharted domain can be an enchanting experience for any visitor who is intrigued by exploring novel and unfamiliar destinations.

Best Time To Visit Caucasus Mountains

Fascinating Information about the Caucasus Mountains

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There are certain aspects that are crucial to consider before planning a trip to the Caucasus Mountains. Let us delve into some significant facts about the Caucasus Mountains.

  • If you observe the Caucasus Mountains map, you will discover that this region stands at the convergence of East and West. Technically, the area is a component of the Asian continent, yet the people, their lifestyle, and even the architectural style are heavily influenced by the West, mainly Europe.
  • Despite the recent political disturbances in the area, the entire region is highly secure for tourists, ensuring a delightful stay without any concerns regarding safety.
  • The people of the Caucasus Mountains are famed for their warm and affable nature. Georgian hospitality is so exceptional that it will compel you to revisit the place again and again. Georgian cuisine boasts some of the most wholesome and delectable dishes on the platter. The region is also renowned for its vineyards, with Kakheti in Georgia deserving special recognition as a must-visit destination.
  • The Caucasus Mountains hold a special mention in the Bible, where it is referred to as the abode of Gog, an angelic prince who will initiate the events signaling the ‘end of days’. The scriptures describe this untamed and rugged place, with its uneven topography and deep gorges, as if it has sprung forth from the pages of the Old Testament.

How to Reach Caucasus Mountains

Optimal Time to Explore the Caucasus Mountains

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The most suitable period to visit the region is from mid-May to July and September to October. It is an ideal time to relish the vibrant colors of spring blossoms encompassing the breathtaking landscapes. If you have a penchant for winter sports, you can also plan a trip during the winter months. However, it must be noted that this is not an optimum season for walking or hiking.

How to Reach the Caucasus Mountains

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The capital of Georgia, Tbilisi, is conveniently connected by air to all major parts of the world. If you are traveling from India, then you must obtain a flight ticket for Tbilisi. The travel time is a minimum of 12 hours with one-stop flights. One thing to take note of is that if you are an Indian passport holder, then you can acquire an e-visa to all three countries. If you already possess a visa permit for either Canada/EU/USA/Australia, then no separate permit is required to enter Georgia.

Activities To Engage In At Caucasus Mountains

Curious about what to do once you arrive? Well, we have outlined below some thrilling experiences that attract travelers to these mountains from near and far, and that you can also partake in!

1. Spend some time in Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia

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You can have a fantastic time in this vibrant and picturesque city where there is an ideal blend of contemporary elegance and old-fashioned allure. The place is brimming with museums, parks, churches, and monuments, and the most ideal way to explore the entire city is through guided walking tours. If you are seeking unique and unconventional activities to engage in Tbilisi, then you must visit this former Soviet sewing factory that has been transformed into a creative hub along with a trendy café where you can also spend a night. You can explore the local markets to find authentic Georgian handicrafts, fresh produce, and some incredibly delicious local snacks. A must-try from this list would be Georgian snickers (churchkhela), Khinchi, Shotis Puri, sulguni, Khachapuri, and many more. The city offers several dining establishments that serve vegetarian cuisine as well.

Tbilisi is steeped in ancient history and allure, and the ideal place to immerse yourself in the culture and way of life of the people of the Caucasus Mountains is by visiting the open-air Ethnography museum. It showcases fascinating facts and narratives about the various tribes indigenous to the region. The city also exhibits some striking modern architectural wonders such as the Bridge of Peace, Public Services Hall, Exhibition Hall, and Music Theatre.

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Revel in the natural beauty and history of Yerevan, Armenia

2. Unwind at the thermal baths in Abanotubani

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After an exhausting tour of the city, you can head to renowned hot springs renowned for their therapeutic and curative properties. This natural spa is bound to rejuvenate and invigorate your senses. Apart from this, there are numerous locations in Georgia where you can plan day excursions from Tbilisi such as Sighnaghi, Mtskheta, Kakheti, and Kazbegi among others. There are also many hiking and walking trails available for the daring traveler.

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3. Delight in the natural beauty and history of Yerevan, Armenia

Explore the quaint town of Sheki in Azerbaijan

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Regarding Caucasus Mountains locations, Armenia is the second destination on the journey. You can enter Armenia through Georgia. The capital city of Armenia, Yerevan is a place where you will feel like spending some serene and tranquil moments. The rosy-hued buildings, blossoming flowers, broad boulevards, and sloping rooftops give the entire place a distinct European vibe. There are numerous lively streets, cafes, museums, and markets which lend this city a unique appeal and fascination. It is often said that the best way to explore a place is by foot and that holds true for Yerevan. Visit Republic square or spend some time in the city’s historic neighborhood called Kond.

The Cafesjian Museum of Art is a not-to-be-missed attraction due to its distinctive architectural style as well as the art and artifacts exhibited there. The panoramic view of Mount Ararat from the summit of the cascade will leave an indelible impression. Shop for Caucasian rugs at Vernissage market, savor Lavash, a local delicacy, and quench your thirst from pulpulak, historical drinking water fountains dating back to the 1500s.

The city boasts of over 500 alfresco cafes which are ideal for relaxing and unwinding when you feel fatigued after strolling through the city.

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Karvansaray Hotel, Sheki

4. Discover the picturesque town of Sheki in Azerbaijan

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For traveling to Azerbaijan, you will need to journey back to Georgia as the borders are closed between the other two countries. The most enchanting place in this small nation is Sheki, a petite town that can be reached via Sighnaghi in Georgia. The location is renowned for Sheki Khan’s lavish and majestic palace structures adorned with intricate miniature paintings and magnificent stained glass art called Shebeke. There are numerous walking and hiking trails, and Kis is one exceptional destination worth mentioning due to its stunning stone church. You can also try Piti, the country’s most renowned local dish served with bread on the side. The place is merely 300 km from the capital city of Azerbaijan, Baku.

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Accommodation Options In Caucasus Mountains

Seeking the most comfortable place to stay within your budget? We present to you a range of choices that offer impeccable services at affordable rates.

Museum Hotel Orbeliani, Tbilisi

1. Karvansaray Hotel, Sheki

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This is unquestionably one of the most genuine Caravanserais, which were constructed for the travelers of the ancient silk route of Central Asia. The place dates back to the early 19th century, and staying here is guaranteed to provide you with an exhilarating experience due to the captivating construction and history associated with it.

Location: Mirza Fatali Akhundzada ShekiStarting price: INR 2200 per night on twin sharing basis

Best Western Congress Hotel, Yerevan

2. Museum Hotel Orbeliani, Tbilisi

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This historic hotel is situated near the river in the old Dzveli area of Tbilisi. The place is a suitable blend of heritage-style architecture and modern amenities for a comfortable stay. The hotel houses an exceptional and captivating collection of art and artifacts, hence the name Museum. Formerly a residence belonging to a wealthy aristocratic family, the hotel is absolutely perfect for spending a few days in Tbilisi.

Location: 8-10 Vakhtang Orbeliani street, Tbilisi, GeorgiaStarting price: INR 13000 per night twin sharing

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3. Finest Western Congress Hotel, Yerevan

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Positioned in the core of the city, this hotel presents all the amenities to offer for an extravagant stay right from roomy chambers equipped with all amenities to a stunning garden, swimming pool, and sun recliners. The place has a marvelous wellness center complete with hot sauna, steam room, and whirlpool. The location is one of the finest as all the principal attractions are located nearby.

Location: 1, Italy Street, YerevanStarting price: INR 4500 twin sharing

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The countries in the Caucasus Mountains region were not so renowned on the global tourist map until recently. This is the reason why the place is still abundant with pristine offbeat locales which will captivate you with its enticing beauty and magnificent natural surroundings. Get in touch with TravelTriangle today to assist you in every step to plan your trip, and prepare for a vacation of a lifetime! Remember to share your experience with us once you return!

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Please Note: Any information published by TravelTriangle in any form of content is not intended to be a replacement for any type of medical advice, and one must not take any action before consulting a professional medical expert of their own choosing.

Frequently Asked Questions About Caucasus Mountains

Why are the Caucasus Mountains significant?

They are significant as they serve the purpose of distinguishing between Asia and Europe.

Is Caucasus in Europe or Asia?


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